Interestingly, the levels of mutp53 appear frequently heterogenous within tumour tissues, with mutp53 over-expressing foci associated with fibrotic regions , suggesting that mutp53 stability may be locally influenced by tissue rigidity. We reasoned that HDAC6 may promote mutp53 stabilisation downstream of mechanical inputs, transduced by RhoA-dependent cytoskeletal tension. Hsp90-mutp53 physical conversation and mutp53 stabilisation. This event requires Haloperidol D4′ HDAC6 and prospects to functional inactivation of the MDM2 ubiquitin ligase. RhoA requires geranylgeranylation for proper membrane localisation and activation, using intracellular GGPP produced via the mevalonate (MVA) pathway, thus linking this metabolic pathway to transduction of mechanical signals and mutp53 stability. Inhibition of MVA flux using either statins or zoledronic acid, reduces intracellular Haloperidol D4′ levels of GGPP and consequently RhoA localisation and activation. Similar effects can be obtained blocking RhoA geranylgeranylation by treatment with inhibitors of GGTI protein geranylgeranyltransferase type I, such as GGTI-298. Therefore, administration of these treatments to cells growing on a rigid matrix in vitro, or to highly stiff tumours, can effectively interfere with cell mechanotransduction and thereby block mutp53 stabilisation and oncogenic activity Relying on an extended protein interactome, which includes transcriptional regulators not bound by the wild-type counterpart, mutp53 drives tumour cell metabolic rewiring, migration/invasion, acquisition of stem characteristics and chemoresistance. In this context, mutp53 becomes constitutively stable, due to its engagement in complexes with the Hsp90 chaperone machinery, which prevents mutp53 poly-ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation . Pharmacological destabilization of mutp53 by blocking Hsp90 with new generation inhibitors has proven effective to cause tumour regression in vivo . Supporting the clinical efficacy of this strategy, HSP90 inhibitors were found to synergise with CCPT (concurrent cisplatin radiotherapy) in HNSCC cancers with mutant status . This evidence further incites the quest for efficient and well-tolerated drugs targeting mutp53 stability as future chemotherapeutic treatments. Drug repositioning methods symbolize a valid strategy to obtain hints on mechanisms sustaining oncogene activation, and to identify molecules able to interfere with these processes. Work by our group  and by others  highlighted that statins, a class of MVA pathway inhibitors and a very common drug used in the medical center for treatment of cardiovascular diseases, elicit mutp53 destabilization and reducing malignancy cell proliferation. The MVA pathway is usually a conserved metabolic route that uses acetyl-CoA to produce cholesterol and other key Haloperidol D4′ biomolecules, some of which are required to support tumour development and progression. Specifically, the isoprenoid geranylgeranyl-pyrophosphate (GGPP) produced along the MVA pathway, is essential for post-translational modification and membrane anchoring of many proteins involved in aggressive malignancy phenotypes. Among them, the small GTPase RhoA links ECM rigidity to intracellular actomyosin tension, acting as Mouse monoclonal antibody to ACE. This gene encodes an enzyme involved in catalyzing the conversion of angiotensin I into aphysiologically active peptide angiotensin II. Angiotensin II is a potent vasopressor andaldosterone-stimulating peptide that controls blood pressure and fluid-electrolyte balance. Thisenzyme plays a key role in the renin-angiotensin system. Many studies have associated thepresence or absence of a 287 bp Alu repeat element in this gene with the levels of circulatingenzyme or cardiovascular pathophysiologies. Two most abundant alternatively spliced variantsof this gene encode two isozymes-the somatic form and the testicular form that are equallyactive. Multiple additional alternatively spliced variants have been identified but their full lengthnature has not been determined.200471 ACE(N-terminus) Mouse mAbTel+ a mechanotransducer to drive tumour cell survival, proliferation and progression. In our work, we exhibited that GGPP acts to stabilise the conversation of mutp53 with Hsp90, thus preventing its degradation (Fig.?1). We showed that this effect requires the histone deacetylase HDAC6, a direct activator of Hsp90 . Haloperidol D4′ Interestingly, HDAC6 is controlled by changes in cytoskeleton dynamics , crucial Haloperidol D4′ events in the crosstalk of transformed cells with the tumour microenvironment. Tumours display altered mechanotransduction compared to normal tissues, as cancer-associated fibrosis generates a dense and mechanically rigid extracellular matrix (ECM) leading to integrin clustering and activation in focal adhesions. These complexes induce RhoA-dependent actin remodelling and actomyosin contractility (Fig.?1). It has become progressively obvious that mechanical cues offered to cells as a result of tissue stiffening, favour malignancy development and progression. Interestingly, the levels of mutp53 appear frequently heterogenous within tumour tissues, with mutp53 over-expressing foci associated with fibrotic regions , suggesting that mutp53 stability may be locally influenced by tissue rigidity. We reasoned that HDAC6 may promote mutp53 stabilisation downstream of mechanical inputs, transduced by RhoA-dependent cytoskeletal tension. In this context, GGPP produced by the MVA pathway appears crucial to sustain RhoA activation at the plasma membrane (Fig.?1). Consistently with this idea, we observed that inhibition of RhoA by different.